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Delphi

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Name:
Delphi
Continent:
EUROPE
Alt Name:
 -
Country:
Greece
Period:
Ancient Greece
Sub-Region:
-
Date:
 -
City/Town:
Delfi
Figure:
 -
Resorts:
Delfi, Amfissa,
Related:
The Acropolis, Mycenae,
Olympia, Delphi Archaeological Museum,

Delphi history

Delphi is an archaeological site in mainland Greece comprised of the well-preserved ruins of one of the most important cities in Ancient Greece. Archaeologists have found evidence that Delphi was inhabited as early as the Neolithic period and sites dating back to the Mycenaean Civilisation, but it was the Ancient Greek city which developed in Delphi which has left the biggest mark on the area.

Many of the sites at Delphi date back to the fifth century BC, although many have been reconstructed and some altered by the Romans. Many of the buildings also suffered from damage and destruction caused by fires and earthquakes. Nevertheless, walking through Delphi offers a fascinating insight into the lives of its former inhabitants.

Part of what made Delphi such an important city was its mythological and religious status. Ancient Greek mythology states that when the deity Zeus released two eagles to find the centre of the world, they met in Delphi. The name “Delphi” derives from the word “dolphin” as it was believed that this was where Apollo arrived on the back of a dolphin.

Today, Delphi reveals much of its past through incredible ruins, demonstrating a balance between religion, politics and leisure activities, particularly sports. Amongst these are the Temple of Apollo, believed to date back to the fourth century BC and once a central ceremonial site. This temple is believed to have been one of several that were built on the site, the previous ones having been destroyed by fires and earthquakes. This stood next to the Archive of the winners of the Pythian Games which were held at Delphi, burnt down in 373 BC, also known as the Chresmographeion. Other sporting sites, such as the Delphi gymnasium and the stadium are also visible and are very well preserved.

Possibly the best preserved site in Delphi is the fifth century Doric building of the Treasury of the Athenians, which is located along The Sacred Way, a central road of the religious area of the city. The Treasury of the Athenians held the trophies of sporting victories, although its exact purpose is still the subject of debate.

Perhaps Delphi’s most iconic site is the Tholos. Constructed in around 380 BC, this once circular building had six Doric columns, three of which stand today. The Tholos is actually located away from the rest of the main Delphi sites and, again, its exact purpose is unknown. The nearby Delphi Museum explores the history of the archeological site and houses many finds from its excavation. This famous site also features as one of our Top 10 tourist attractions in Greece.

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Raymond Auger

À tous les voyageurs en devenir ou érudits... Delphes est une pièce majeure de la Grèce historique. La politique y fut gérée à partir de ce site avec une femme futée qui comprenait le pouvoir des oracles avec les grands prêtres du temple. Vous découvrirez la majesté d’un peuple qui domina le monde pendant 4 siècles. Vous verrez la preuve, écrite sur un mur de pierre, que la Grèce fut le premier pays à officialiser la libération de leurs valeureux esclaves...Vous passerez des heures à lire... avant de faire le saut en Perse et vous vous documenterez assurément sur les 8 peuples qui vécurent en Turquie... bon voyage à tous. Raymond Auger, Montréal, Québec, CANADA | [Mod: Added Google Translate] In all travelers to seeking to learn... Delphi is a major piece of historical Greece. The policy was to run from this site with a smart woman who understood the power of oracles with the high priests of the temple. You will discover the majesty of a people who dominated the world for four centuries. You will see the evidence, written on a stone wall, that Greece was the first country to formalize the release of their valiant slaves ... You will spend hours reading ... before making the jump to Persia and you certainly will document the eight people who lived in Turkey ... good journey to all. Raymond Auger, Montreal, Quebec, CANADA

Just as empires rise and fall so do entry fees and opening hours! While we work as hard as we can to ensure the information provided here about Delphi is as accurate as possible, the changing nature of certain elements mean we can't absolutely guarantee that these details won't become a thing of the past. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or now.

contact details

Address: Delphi 33054, Greece

Phone: +30 22650 82312

E-Mail: protocol@iepka.culture.gr

visitor information

Directions to Delphi:
Ancient Delphi is located in mainland Greece on Mount Parnassus, next to the town of Delfi. It’s possible to visit Delphi as part of a day trip from Athens, either with an organised tour or independently. The site is approx 113 miles northwest of Athens along Route E75 (partial toll road) then route 48 (approx 2.5hrs). Visible on your right just before the main town.

Delphi opening times and ticket prices:
Delphi is open daily, 8am-7pm (to 3pm on certain holidays). Closed 1 Jan, 25 March, 1 May, Easter Sunday, 25-26 Dec. Entry costs €6 for adults. There is a €9 combined ticket for the archaeological site and museum together. Discounts available and there are also “free days” (see official site).

Links:
http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh351.jsp?obj_id=2507
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delphi
http://www.ancient.eu.com/delphi/

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