Indeed, the country we know today as England has witnessed the rise and fall of many cultures, civilisations and empires. From pre-historic peoples to Celtic tribes, Roman conquerors and Anglo-Saxon and Norman invaders, England is a country forged of many influences.
The rise of the English state and its eventual transformation into the United Kingdom has also ensured that many remarkable historic sites remain to remind us of the diverse story of the country.
Today, the historic sites of England range from the most famous and popular tourist destinations - such as Buckingham Palace, Stonehenge and Windor Castle - to lesser-known and often hidden sites well off the standard visitor trails.
In reality, there’s a huge selection of historic sites in England and you can plan some great things to see on your trips by browsing our list. Once you’ve explored the historic sites of England you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan out your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook and use it when visiting your favourite historical places in England.
Our database of English historic sites is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other historic sites in England, you can always add them to Historvius now by visiting our upload page.
Popular UK Destinations: The Cotswolds Historic Sites
Hadrian’s Wall is a magnificent remnant of Roman Britain and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Fountains Abbey was once a thriving monastery until Henry VIII’s Dissolution of the Monasteries. Its ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Windsor Castle is the oldest occupied castle in the world and the official home of the Queen.
Stonehenge is a mysterious collection of vast stone circles dating back to around 3000 BC and a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Buckingham Palace has been the royal residence of British monarchs since the reign of Queen Victoria.
Portsmouth Historic Dockyard contains three of the Britain’s most famous warships, namely the HMS Victory, HMS Warrior and Mary Rose.
Leeds Castle in Kent was a twelfth century stronghold which has since served as a royal palace, a prison and as a stately home.
Westminster Abbey is an iconic medieval structure and the site of many historic royal events, from coronations and weddings to burials.
Blenheim Palace is the birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill.
Originally built in the 11th Century, Arundel Castle is the historic home of the Dukes of Norfolk and has been continually occupied and renovated over the centuries. One of many castles amongst the Historic Sites of England.
The Temple Church in London was established by the Knights Templar in the twelfth century.
10 Downing Street is the home of the Prime Minister of the UK and one of many Historic Sites in England which are also political centres.
A La Ronde is a sixteen-sided 18th century historic house located in Devon and operated by the National Trust.
A living history museum, Abbey House recreates authentic Victorian streets to reflect 19th century life.
The picturesque Acton Burnell Castle is a ruined English fortified Manor near Shrewsbury.
Aldborough was originally the capital and stronghold of the Brigantes, who controlled vast swathes of Northern England, before becoming Romanised in the first century AD.
One of the oldest churches in London, All Hallows by the Tower contains Roman and Saxon remains as well as other interesting elements.
Ever wanted to head to Hogwarts? Why not visit Alnwick Castle? This historic site in Northumberland is home to the Harry Potter Franchise and is one of the largest castles in England.
Althorp is a country house and estate which has been home to the Spencer dynasty for over 500 years. It includes an exhibition on the life and work of Princess Diana and is one of many historic houses among the Historic Sites of England.
Anglesey Abbey is a Jacobean-style mansion in Cambridgeshire, built on the site of a medieval priory and now boasting unique cultural collections, impressive gardens and a fully functioning water mill.
This historic Tudor house in Lewes was once the property of Anne of Cleves and highlights the history of Tudors England.
Apsley House was the home of one of Britain’s most heroic figures, the Duke of Wellington.
Arbeia Roman Fort was one of the wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall and a military supply base for the other forts. It is one of the ancient Historic Sites in England.
Arthur’s Stone is a mysterious burial chamber in Herefordshire and one of many prehistoric Historic Sites in England.
One of the Historic Sites in England to date back to the English Civil War, Ashby Castle was a Royalist stronghold.
The Ashmolean Museum is a museum of the University of Oxford specialising in art and archaeology.
Aston Hall is an imposing Jacobean mansion house in Birmingham, which now operates as a museum.
Avebury Ring is a vast Neolithic stone circle, probably the largest in the world, and is one of the Historic Sites in England which is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
An imposing historic sites in England, Bamburgh Castle is a grand structure which looms high upon a crag overlooking the coast of Northumberland.
The Banqueting House in Whitehall is famous as the site of the execution of King Charles I and one of the most important historical sites in England in terms of key moments in the history of the country.
Barley Hall is a Town House in the middle of York, reflecting the lives of a wealthy family at the end of the 15th Century.
Barnard Castle contains the ruins of a Norman stronghold which was later owned by Richard III.
Bath Abbey was built from the late fifteenth century, destroyed by Henry VIII and restored under Elizabeth I.
One of the most decisive and bloody encounters of the Wars of the Roses, this is one of several battlefields and historic sites in England from that period.
Wars of the Roses batlle, leading to the death of Owen Tudor.
The Battle of Northampton was a battle in the Wars of the Roses and a major victory for the Yorkists.
A definitive battle of the Wars of the Roses, Tewkesbury was a resounding defeat for the Lancastrians, and led to fourteen years of peace from May 1471.
Bayham Old Abbey was a medieval monastery dissolved by King Henry VIII.
An open air, living museum, Beamish recreates what life was like in the industrial age of Victorian and Edwardian Britain.
Beaulieu Abbey is an early 13th century historic monastic complex, partially destroyed in the reign of Henry VIII during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The site is home to the National Motor Museum.
An interactive and living history museum, Bede's World tells the story of Anglo-Saxon life in Northumbria and the life of famous Anglo-Saxon writer Bede.
The Belas Knap Long Barrow is a well-preserved example of a Neolithic burial chamber located near Cheltenham.
Belton House is a 17th century historic house in Lincolnshire which is now a popular visitor attraction.
Benjamin Franklin House in London is the only surviving former residence of Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Berkeley Castle was originally built nearly 1,000 years ago, but since then has undergone a number of changes and has been the site of many interesting – and sometimes bloody – events.
Berkhamsted Castle was a medieval stronghold, the ruins of which lie in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire.
Berwick Castle was a medieval castle, the ruins of which are located in Berwick-Upon-Tweed, Northumberland.
Big Ben is the name often attributed to the iconic clock tower of the Houses of Parliament.
Bignor Roman Villa is a large Roman villa site on the Bignor estate and contains some of the best preserved Roman mosaics in Britain.
Birdoswald Roman Fort is one of the best preserved of the wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall.
The ruins of the medieval Bishop’s Waltham Palace can be seen in Hampshire.
Bletchley Park was Station X, the central location of British code cracking operations during World War II.
Blore Heath was the site of the second battle of what became known as the Wars of the Roses.
Perhaps one of England’s best known moated castles, Bodiam Castle was built in 1385. The castle suffered during the English Civil War and was restored before being bequeathed to the National Trust. It now ranks among the most beautiful castles in the world.
Bolsover Castle was once the site of a medieval fortress before its replacement with an ornate 17th century manor house modelled on a small castle. Now run by English Heritage.
The Battle of Bosworth Field of 1485 resulted in the death of King Richard III and ascension of Henry VII to the throne.
The Bosworth Field Visitor Centre is a good starting point for exploring the site of this famous clash from Wars of the Roses.
Boughton House is a French-influenced 17th-century English country house which is now periodically open to visitors.
Brading Roman Villa was a first to second century Ancient Roman farm on the Isle of Wight.
The British Museum in London is a world-famous museum of history and culture.
Situated on the border of Oxfordshire, Broughton Castle is surrounded by a three acre moat, and set amongst the scenic parkland of Broughton park.
A small museum dedicated to the local history of the village of Bushey in Hertfordshire, which also contains an art gallery.
Byland Abbey was a prominent twelfth century monastery which now lies as a pretty ruin in Yorkshire.
The Cabinet War Rooms are part of the underground bunker complex in London where Winston Churchill and his government operated during World War Two.
Camber Castle is a vast sixteenth century fortification built by Henry VIII.
A museum that contains a variety of different artefacts from history, ranging from African and Native American art to Roman discoveries and world collections. A wonderful place to visit for those who have an active interest in anthropology and archaeology.
Canons Ashby House is an Elizabethan manor house in Northamptonshire, now run by the National Trust.
Canterbury Cathedral has a prominent history dating back to the sixth century AD and was the site of the infamous murder of Thomas Beckett.
Castle Acre Priory was an eleventh century monastery dissolved by King Henry VIII.
Castle Drogo is an early 20th century country home constructed in the style of a mediaeval castle. This impressive building is now owned by the National Trust and open to visitors.
This impressive stately home nestled in Yorkshire has been the home of the Howard family since its construction in 1699.
Castle Keep in Newcastle upon Tyne is one of the city’s most famous attractions and one of the best preserved Norman fortifications in the country.
Castle Rising is a ruined Norman fortification in Norfolk which was once home to Queen Isabella, widow of Edward II and mother of Edward III.
Castlerigg Stone Circle is a picturesque Neolithic monument ranking among the earliest of Britain’s stone circles, its scenic hilltop setting providing pretty views of the surrounding area.
The Cawthorn Roman Camps are the remains of a late 1st / early 2nd century AD Roman military enclosure situated in the south of the North York Moors.
Chatsworth House is an English country estate that has served as the ancestral home of the Dukes of Devonshire. It was also the one-time prison of Mary Queen of Scots.
Chedworth Roman Villa is a well-preserved Ancient Roman house in the Cotswolds.
Chester Roman Amphitheatre is Britain’s largest known Roman amphitheatre.
The Chester Roman Gardens are a scenic park complex containing a number of Roman artefacts from the nearby area.
Chester’s Roman Fort was part of Hadrian’s Wall and is a now a well-preserved archaeological site.
Churchill’s Secret Bunker was designed to be used as the nerve centre of the British government during WW2 in the event of Britain being unable to defend itself from air attack.
Chysauster Ancient Village contains the ruins of an Iron Age settlement in Cornwall, which is operated by English Heritage.
Cirencester Amphitheatre was once a Roman theatre, the remnants of which are located in Gloucestershire.
Clarence House has been the London residence of several members of the British royal family.
Clifford’s Tower is a 13th century castle with a diverse history.
The Clifton Rocks Railway is a former underground funicular railway linking Clifton to Bristol Harbour, which is now open to the public via pre-arranged tours.
A beautiful 19th country house with vast parkland and gardens, Cliveden has often hosted the country’s political elite and was a key location in the infamous Profumo Affair.
Colchester Castle is a beautifully preserved Norman stronghold with a rich history dating back to Roman times, having been built on the site of the Temple of Claudius.
Corbridge Roman Town was a thriving Ancient Roman settlement near Hadrian’s Wall and is now an archaeological site.
Corfe Castle is the stunning ruin of a castle which has been everything from a royal residence to a military stronghold and even a prison.
Crofton Roman Villa in Orpington, London, contains the remains of an ancient house and farm complex originally built in the second century AD and occupied until around 400AD.
The Denge Sound Mirrors are fine examples of early attempt at an early warning system.
Situated on the site of a Roman fort in the historic city of Chester, Dewa Roman Experience allows visitors a hands-on exploration of a Roman legionary base.
The medieval Dover Castle is one of Britain’s most significant fortresses and has a fascinating and diverse history.
The remains of the Dover Roman Fort represent all that is left of the ancient Roman fleet base which served the large Roman naval detachment which defended British waters.
Dudley Castle is a ruined Norman motte and bailey castle which is now open to visitors and also hosts the popular Dudley Zoo within its grounds.
Dunstanburgh Castle was a fourteenth century fortress, the striking ruins of which can be found on Northumberland’s coast.
Formerly the home of the Bishops of Durham, Durham Castle dates back to the 11th Century.
Durham Cathedral is a vast, mainly 12th Century, Romanesque cathedral built to house the relics of St Cuthbert.
Durnovaria is the original Roman name for what is now the English town of Dorchester.
Edgecote Moor was the site of a battle in the Wars of the Roses which resulted in a victory for the Lancastrians.
Edgehill Battlefield was the location of the first major engagement of the English Civil War, which took place on 23rd October 1642 in Warwickshire, England.
Eltham Palace is a spectacular Art Deco palace built in the 1930’s alongside a 15th century medieval hall.
The Epsom Downs Racecourse was the site of one of the most iconic moment in the women’s rights movement.
Exeter Cathedral is a large, impressive Gothic cathedral and is one of the most popular sites of the city. The Cathedral Green is also a great place for relaxing in the sunshine.
Fenton House is a well maintained seventeenth century house in Hampstead in North London.
Finchcocks House and Museum holds over 100 historical keyboard instruments and is housed in an 18th century manor house.
Fishbourne Roman Palace hosts the remains of a huge Roman palace built in the 1st century AD. Today it operates as a museum and contains information, artefacts and mosaics.
Fortheringhay Castle was the birthplace of Richard III and site of execution of Mary Queen of Scots
Framlingham Castle is an impressive 12th century fortified castle in Suffolk.
Furness Abbey is a partially ruined 12th century monastery which now operates as a tourist attraction and museum.
Gainsborough Old Hall is said to be one of England’s largest and best preserved medieval manor houses.
Glastonbury Abbey is one of the most important historic abbeys in Britain and the legendary burial place of King Arthur.
Godolphin House is a Cornish stately home built by Godolphin family, who were prominent in the reign of Queen Anne.
Goodrich Castle is a picturesque Norman ruin in Herefordshire that was the site of a bitter siege during the English Civil War.
The Greenhead Roman Army Museum displays a series of artifacts and replicas of Roman military paraphernalia.
A 17th century mansion, Ham House is an opulent melting pot of British and European Renaissance design.
Hampton Court Palace is a medieval palace whch has served as everything from a royal residence to a prison.
Hastings Castle was one of the first Norman castles to be built in England.
Hatfield House is a Jacobean country house built on the site of what was Queen Elizabeth I’s childhood home.
Helmsley Castle was a 12th century castle in York and the site of a dramatic siege during the English Civil War.
Highgate Cemetery is a famous graveyard in North London where Karl Marx is buried.
HMS Belfast is a Royal Navy light cruiser ship that played a role in both World War II and the Korean War.
HMS Victory was Vice Admiral Lord Nelson’s flagship during the Battle of Trafalgar and the site where this heroic figure died.
The HMS Warrior was launched in 1860 and is the sole surviving warship of Queen Victoria’s Black Battle Fleet.
The Houses of Parliament are the home of the UK Parliament.
Housesteads Roman Fort is one of the best preserved and most important of the forts along Hadrian’s Wall.
Hylton Castle was the private home of a wealthy family in Medieval England.
The Imperial War Museum is a London-based museum dedicated to world conflict.
Duxford Imperial War Museum in Cambridge explores military history on land, by air and by sea.
Ironbridge Gorge is an icon of the industrial revolution and a World Heritage site.
The ruins of the 12th Century Cistercian monastery of Jervaulx Abbey, situated in the picturesque Yorkshire Dales.
The Jewel Tower is one of the last remnants of the medieval Westminster Palace.
The Jorvik Viking Centre recreates the Viking city of Jorvik, based on excavations found on this site in York.
The Kelvedon Hatch Nuclear Bunker is an enormous, three-storey, Cold War-era subterranean shelter and operations centre in Brentwood, Essex. It was constructed in 1952.
Kenilworth Castle is a former medieval stronghold and royal palace, most famed as the home of Elizabeth’s beloved Robert Dudley.
Kensington Palace was the childhood home of Queen Victoria and the home of Diana, Princess of Wales, until her death.
Kenwood House is a picturesque historic stately home in North London.
Kew Palace is a seventeenth century palace which once served as a royal residence.
King Johns Palace is a ruined Norman townhouse built around 1180AD, the remains of which are now open to the public.
Lesnes Abbey is a ruined Norman abbey located in South East London and now forms part of a scenic park and nature reserve.
Lincoln Cathedral is an imposing medieval structure with a history dating back to Norman times.
Described by the poet Sir John Betjeman as "one of the great buildings of the world", Britain's largest cathedral adorns Liverpool's landscape.
The London Roman Amphitheatre was built in the first century AD and is the only one of its kind in the city.
The London Roman Fort was a second century fort which housed Roman Londinium’s soldiers.
The London Roman Wall was built in around the third century AD and parts of it can be seen today.
Ludgershall Castle was a medieval royal castle and hunting lodge, of which only ruins and earthworks remain.
Ludlow Castle, the finest of medieval ruined castles, set in glorious Shropshire countryside, at the heart of this superb, bustling black
Lullingstone Roman Villa is a fine example of a 1st Century Roman villa. Built roughly 50 years after the Roman conquest of Britain, it was home to the wealthier elements of Romano-British society.
Located on the edge of the Peak District, Lyme Park estate is set in 1400 acres of picturesque parkland and centred on the elegant Lyme Hall. The house famously featured as Pemberley in the BBC’s Pride and Prejudice.
Lyveden New Bield is an historic garden perfectly preserved in its original Elizabethan state.
Maiden Castle is vast, well preserved Iron Age hill fort in Dorchester.
Middleham Castle was the childhood home of King Richard III.
The Multangular Tower is a third century AD ten-sided stone tower originally forming part of York’s Roman legionary fortress and now located in the gardens of the York Museum.
The Museum of London explores the history of the UK’s capital city.
Nash’s House and New Place represent the place where William Shakespeare spent his final years and where he died.
Nelson’s Column is a monument dedicated to Admiral Lord Nelson in London’s Trafalgar Square.
North Leigh Roman Villa was a first century villa, the remains of which can be seen in Oxfordshire.
Okehampton Castle was once Devon’s largest castle and was listed in the Doomsday Book.
The ruins of a Tudor mansion that was the contemporary cutting-edge, Queen Elizabeth herself visited the property. The house gained repute as home to Sir Nicholas Bacon and later his celebrated son Sir Francis.
Orford Castle was a 12th century fortified castle built during the reign of King Henry II.
One of the best examples of a medieval fortified manor house in the UK, Penshurst is a well preserved medieval historic house which has strong royal connections.
Pevensey Castle is a picturesque ruin of a medieval castle built in the place where William the Conqueror landed in 1066.
Plymouth Hoe has been the starting point of historic journeys by Sir Francis Drake and Captain James Cook as well as many others.
Originally a Norman structure, Pontefract castle played an increasingly important role in English Royal history for over 500 years. Today it lies in ruins but has much for visitors to enjoy, including its underground dungeons.
Portchester Castle has been a Roman fort, a Norman keep and even a wartime prison.
The Porthcurno Telegraph Museum examines the history of telegraphic development as well as housing Britain’s vital WWII underground communications centre.
Restormel Castle was a thirteenth century castle in Cornwall, the ruins of which are well preserved.
The Richard III Museum is a small museum in York's historic Monk Bar, dedicated to the life of this famous English monarch.
Discover the exciting exhibition at Leicester's medieval Guildhall, detailing the archaeological search for the lost grave of King Richard III...
Richborough Roman Fort in Kent marks the site where the Romans successfully invaded Britain in 43 AD.
The Roman Baths in Bath is an Ancient Roman thermal spa and one of the best preserved examples of its kind.
Home of the WWII submarine HMS Alliance, the Royal Navy Submarine Museum is a family-orientated, interactive museum detailing the history of British submarine warfare.
Sandal Castle was the site of an important battle in the Wars of the Roses.
Segedunum Roman Fort was one of the Ancient Roman wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall.
In existence since 1069, Selby Abbey has been used for worship for over 900 years. In the heart of Yorkshire and often known as the hidden gem of the county, it is not especially well known despite being unmatched in its beauty and archaic stance.
Once a prominent Tudor country estate and one-time prison of Mary Queen of Scots, the remains of Sheffield Manor Lodge include the well-preserved Tudor Turret House.
A Stone Age chalk mound with a mysterious past, Silbury Hill is the largest man-made mound in Europe.
Silchester Roman Town flourished from the mid-first century AD and was eventually abandoned.
St Albans is a wonderful market town and the site of the execution of Britain’s first Christian martyr (209AD).
Located in London’s journalistic heartland of Fleet Street, St Bride’s is a restored 17th century church, steeped in history and originally designed by Sir Christopher Wren.
The majestic ruins of the ancient church of St Dunstan-in-the-East represent one of London’s best hidden gems and now form the centre point of a pretty public garden.
St James’s Palace has been the official residence of the British Sovereign since the reign of King Henry VIII.
St Mary’s Abbey is a picturesque ruined Benedictine abbey in York, located in York Museum Gardens.
Beautiful 14th Century Church Open every Sunday afternoon from Easter to September
St Paul’s Cathedral is an iconic historic building in central London and the seat of the Diocese of London.
A stately home set in the Wiltshire countryside, Stourhead House and Estate includes a wealth of impressive attractions – from the eighteenth century house to the ornate gardens and grounds with their Romanesque temples. Fun for all the family, this site won’t disappoint.
The Foundling Museum tells the story of the famous orphanage which once stood on the site as well as holding an important art collection of works donated to it.
The Great Fire of London Monument commemorates the major fire of 1666.
The London Royal Air Force Museum offers a great overview of the history of aviation in combat as well as housing over 100 aircraft from around the world.
The Mary Rose was King Henry VIII’s favourite warship, sunk in 1545 and recovered in 1982.
The Merchant’s House in Marlborough is a fine example of a 17th century silk merchant’s home.
The Roman Lighthouse in Dover is a ruined first century AD Roman tower which is one of the best-preserved of its kind anywhere in the world.
The Sanctuary near Avebury houses the remains of a Neolithic monument and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The Tower of London is a famous fortress and prison originally commissioned by the first Norman king, William the Conqueror.
The Vyne is a 16th century English historic house which once played host to King Henry VIII and contains the original Tudor chapel.
Thornbury Castle is an original Tudor manor house which once played host to King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
Tower Bridge is an iconic nineteenth century bridge over the Thames in London.
The largest and bloodiest battle of the Wars of the Roses, where over 28,000 men are thought to have died in a single day.
The Tudor House and Garden is a restored 15th century Tudor home and one of Southampton’s most important historic buildings.
Tutbury Castle is an imposing medieval site in Staffordshire which had one very famous prisoner, Mary Queen of Scots.
Verulamium was a Roman settlement near modern day St Albans in England.
The Victoria and Albert Museum displays millions of works of art from around the world and spans 3,000 years of history.
Vindolanda was one of the main Ancient Roman wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall in Britain.
The Wall Roman site in Staffordshire houses the ruins of an Ancient Roman inn.
Built by a king, the seat of a kingmaker and vital stronghold in the Wars of the Roses and the English Civil War, Warwick Castle has played an important role in British history.
This museum is devoted to the history of the local area and that of the town of Watford itself.
The Welwyn Roman Baths complex houses the remains of a Roman bathhouse dating back to the 3rd Century AD.
Take command of the British Navy with a visit to the Western Approaches Bunker and submerse yourself in the history of the decisive Battle of the Atlantic.
Whitby Abbey is a picturesque cliff-top ruin of the 13th century church which belonged to a Benedictine abbey in Yorkshire.
Winchester Palace in Southwark was a twelfth-century grand complex which was one of the most important buildings in all of medieval London.
Wroxeter Roman City houses the remains of what was once Roman Britain’s fourth largest city.
The York City Walls are England’s most intact set of city walls and one of the city’s most popular attractions.