Historvius (mapping history)

Historic Sites in Turkey

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If you’re looking to discover historic sites in Turkey then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

There’s a fantastic selection of  historic sites in Turkey and you can plan some great things to see on your trips by browsing our selection. Once you’ve explored the historic sites in Turkey you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan out your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook.

Our database of historic sites is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other historic sites in Turkey, you can always add them to Historvius now by visiting our upload page.

Top Historic Destinations in Turkey: Historic Sites in Istanbul

Historical sites in Turkey : Site Index

  • Aizanoi Aizanoi
    Aizanoi houses ancient Roman ruins including a stadium, gymnasium, theatre and an impressive Temple of Zeus.
    Photo by ozanhatipoglu (cc)

  • Alanya Castle Alanya Castle
    With Hellenistic foundations, this magnificent Seljuk ruin sits atop a 250m high peninsular overlooking the Mediterranean sea.
    Photo by Eaglestein (cc)

  • Alanya Citadel Alanya Citadel
    Part of Alanya Castle, the Citadel (or Ickale) dates back to the 6th century and offers magnificent views.
    Photo by Allie_Caulfield (cc)

  • Anadolu Hisari Anadolu Hisari
    Anadolu Hisari was built by the Ottoman Sultan Beyazid I in 1395.
    Photo by salihigde (cc)

  • Antalya Museum Antalya Museum
    The Antalya Museum contains thousands of ancient and prehistoric artifacts.
    Photo by Alaskan Dude (cc)

  • Anzac Cove Anzac Cove
    Anzac Cove was the landing site for Australian and New Zealand troops in the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I.
    Photo by Adam Jones, Ph.D. (cc)

  • Aphrodisias Aphrodisias
    The ancient city of Aphrodisias was named after the Goddess of Love; Aphrodite. Established in what is now modern day Turkey in the 6th century BC, it expanded into the thriving capital of the surrounding region.
    Photo by Ken and Nyetta (cc)

  • Ari Burnu Cemetery Ari Burnu Cemetery
    Ari Burnu Cemetery is a World War I Commonwealth cemetery in the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey.

  • Aspendos Roman Theatre Aspendos Roman Theatre
    Aspendos Roman Theatre is a large and beautifully preserved Ancient Roman site in Turkey.
    Photo by archer10 (Dennis) (cc)

  • Assos Assos
    The city of Assos was founded by Ancient Greeks from the 7th century BC. The ancient ruined city is crowned by an impressive temple dedicated to the Goddess Athena.
    Photo by Travelling Runes (cc)

  • Beylerbeyi Palace Beylerbeyi Palace
    Beylerbeyi Palace is a nineteenth century palace built to house important guests.
    Photo by arteunporro (cc)

  • Bodrum Castle Bodrum Castle
    Bodrum Castle is a 15th century citadel built by Christian knights and houses the Museum of Underwater Archaeology.
    Photo by HBarrison (cc)

  • Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology
    The Museum of Underwater Archaeology in Bodrum exhibits treasures from underwater excavations including one of the earliest shipwrecks ever found.
    Photo by HBarrison (cc)

  • Cappadocia Underground Cities Cappadocia Underground Cities
    The Cappadocia Underground Cities are incredible Christian subterranean fortified cities in Turkey protected by UNESCO.
    Photo by Alaskan Dude (cc)

  • Carrhae Battlefield Carrhae Battlefield
    Carrhae Battlefield was the setting for one of the most crushing Roman defeats, inflicted at the hands of the Parthians.
    Photo by kevincure (cc)

  • Catalhoyuk Catalhoyuk
    Catalhoyuk is the site of an important Neolithic town in Turkey.
    Photo by jessogden1 (cc)

  • Church of Saint Nicholas, Myra Church of Saint Nicholas, Myra
    One of the oldest surviving churches in the world, this church and museum looks at the life of Saint Nicholas, aka Santa Claus.
    Photo by yilmaz ovunc (cc)

  • Derinkuyu Underground City Derinkuyu Underground City
    Derinkuyu Underground City is the most famous of the Cappadocia subterranean cities built by early Christians and protected by UNESCO.
    Photo by astique (cc)

  • Didyma Didyma
    Didyma in Turkey contains the ruins of the temple of Apollo, which was one of the most important oracles of the Hellenic world.

  • Dolmabahce Palace Dolmabahce Palace
    Dolmabahce Palace is an opulent nineteenth century palace which twice served as the seat of the Ottoman Empire.
    Photo by xiquinhosilva (cc)

  • Ephesus Ephesus
    Ephesus in Turkey represents some of the best preserved Greek and Roman ruins in the Mediterranean.
    Photo by Donna and Andrew (cc)

  • Galata Tower Galata Tower
    Galata Tower is a medieval turreted tower first built by the Genoese in 1348.
    Photo by access.denied (cc)

  • Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum
    This astonishing museum features thousands of square feet of lovingly restored mosaics from the Roman town of Zeugma.
    Photo by I was in Turkey (cc)

  • Gemiler Island Gemiler Island
    A tiny island located just off the Turkish mainland, Gemiler Island is packed with Byzantine remains including a number of ancient churches.

  • Gobekli Tepe Gobekli Tepe
    Göbekli Tepe is a fascinating Neolithic site said to be home to the oldest temple in the World.
    Photo by Liangtai Lin (cc)

  • Gordion Gordion
    Gordion is an ancient Phrygian city which today contains the astounding burial mound said to belong to King Midas.
    Photo by archer10 (Dennis) (cc)

  • Goreme Open Air Museum Goreme Open Air Museum
    Located in the picturesque Goreme Valley, Goreme’s open air museum is one of the most accessible ways to explore the region's ancient rock-cut churches.
    Photo by alex_m_jones (cc)

  • Hadrian’s Gate Hadrian’s Gate
    Hadrian’s Gate is an Ancient Roman monument in Antalya built in honour of the Emperor Hadrian.
    Photo by Lori_NY (cc)

  • Hagia Sophia Hagia Sophia
    Hagia Sophia is a world famous sixth century church turned mosque in Istanbul.
    Photo by David Spender (cc)

  • Hagia Sophia, Trabzon Hagia Sophia, Trabzon
    A thirteenth century church, a fifteenth century mosque and a twentieth century museum, the Trabzon Hagia Sophia has a fascinating history and boasts a wealth of ancient art and frescoes.
    Photo by Turkish Travel (cc)

  • Haidar Pasha Cemetery Haidar Pasha Cemetery
    The Haidar Pasha Cemetery in Turkey is the final resting place of thousands of Crimean War soldiers.

  • Hatay Museum Hatay Museum
    Hatay Museum in Antakya explores the history of the famous ancient city of Antioch. Among a host of other artefacts is a collection of exquisite Roman mosaics.
    Photo by william.neuheisel (cc)

  • Hattusha Hattusha
    Hattusha is one of Turkey’s great ruins of the capitals of the Hittite Empire and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
    Photo by Maarten Dirkse (cc)

  • Hierapolis Hierapolis
    Hierapolis was once a thriving, multicultural ancient city and spa, the remains of which can now be seen in modern day Turkey.
    Photo by Chris. P (cc)

  • Hill 60 Cemetery Hill 60 Cemetery
    The Hill 60 Cemetery is a Commonwealth World War I military cemetery in Gallipoli.

  • Ihlara Valley Ihlara Valley
    The Ihlara Valley is famous for a number of rock-carved ancient churches known for their ornate frescoes depicting biblical events.
    Photo by Verity Cridland (cc)

  • Istanbul Archaeology Museum Istanbul Archaeology Museum
    The Istanbul Archaeology Museum houses around a million artefacts from an impressive range of cultures and periods.
    Photo by ae35unit (cc)

  • Istanbul Maritime Museum Istanbul Maritime Museum
    The Istanbul Maritime Museum exhibits a variety of ships, weapons, works of art and artifacts relating to Turkey’s naval history.

  • Istanbul Mosaic Museum Istanbul Mosaic Museum
    The Istanbul Mosaic Museum contains the amazing remains of mosaics excavated the Great Palace of Constantinople built during the Byzantine period.
    Photo by Elisa atene (cc)

  • Kabatepe Museum Kabatepe Museum
    Kabatepe Museum in Turkey is dedicated to the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I.

  • Kaunos Kaunos
    Kaunos contains the remains of an ancient Carian city and includes a host of Hellenic, Roman and Byzantine remains – particularly its impressive theatre.
    Photo by Rev Stan (cc)

  • Kayakoy Kayakoy
    The abandoned town of Kayakoy bears witness to the 1920s population swap between Greece and Turkey. Today visitors can explore this deserted town, including its houses and churches.
    Photo by samurai_dave (cc)

  • Kaymaklı Underground City Kaymaklı Underground City
    Kaymaklı Underground City is a large subterranean city in central Turkey built by early Christians and part of a UNESCO site.
    Photo by Alaskan Dude (cc)

  • Kizilkule Kizilkule
    Part of Alanya Castle, the Kizilkule or Red Tower was built in 1226 and stands 29 meters high.
    Photo by Allie_Caulfield (cc)

  • Knidos Knidos
    The picturesque remains of the ancient city of Knidos are a popular tourist attraction, as much for the beautiful coastal views as for the archaic ruins.
    Photo by silverman68 (cc)

  • Laodikeia Laodikeia
    Laodikeia was an Ancient Greek then Roman city, which is now represented by a set of ruins.
    Photo by Ian W Scott (cc)

  • Lone Pine Cemetery Lone Pine Cemetery
    Lone Pine Cemetery is a Commonwealth graveyard for soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I and also a battle site.
    Photo by laszlo-photo (cc)

  • Lone Pine Memorial Lone Pine Memorial
    The Lone Pine Memorial commemorates Anzac soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I.
    Photo by Adam Jones, Ph.D. (cc)

  • Mausoleum of Mausolus Mausoleum of Mausolus
    The Mausoleum of Mausolus was one of the most impressive tombs of its time, but has since been entirely destroyed.
    Photo by HBarrison (cc)

  • Miletus Miletus
    Miletus was an important ancient Greek then Roman city, which still has an impressive theatre, but relatively few other ruins.
    Photo by Miia Ranta (cc)

  • Museum of Anatolian Civilizations Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
    With a collection spanning around 10,000 years housed in two magnificent Ottoman buildings, the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is a must-see for any visitor to Ankara.
    Photo by zolakoma (cc)

  • Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts
    The Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts is a site through which visitors can explore both the cultural and political history of Turkey.
    Photo by mahaz (cc)

  • Myra Myra
    Myra has one of the best-preserved collections of ancient ruins, and is a perfect place to experience an illustrious period of Greek and Roman history being brought back to life.
    Photo by erinc salor (cc)

  • Nemrut Nemrut
    Nemrut in Turkey is the site of the eminently impressive 1st century BC tomb of King Antiochus I Epiphanes.
    Photo by MrHicks46 (cc)

  • Olympos Olympos
    Olympos is truly a stunning destination, a playground for pirates; these ancient ruins tell a story that blurs the line between myth and reality.
    Photo by denverkid (cc)

  • Ozkonak Underground City Ozkonak Underground City
    Ozkonak is one of many examples of an underground city in Cappadocia which was carved into the mountains in ancient times. It is smaller but far quieter than many of the other underground cities in the region.
    Photo by bitmask (cc)

  • Patara Patara
    Patara not only has a rich and varied history, the former Lycian port town is situated in a beautiful corner of Turkey, alongside a 20km long white sand beach.
    Photo by Camera on autopilot (cc)

  • Pergamum Pergamum
    Pergamum was a thriving ancient Greek then Roman city, home to famous sites such as its Asclepion, theatre and library.

  • Perge Perge
    Perge is a Turkish archaeological site containing mostly Roman ruins, but has a history dating back to Ancient Greece.
    Photo by pavdw (cc)

  • Phaselis Phaselis
    Phaselis is an exquisite ancient site, where the ruins lie scattered amongst pine trees and the beautiful Mediterranean coast.
    Photo by Dave Lonsdale (cc)

  • Priene Priene
    Priene is a quiet, picturesque ancient Greek city in Turkey which boasts some amazing historical remains without the crowds of the nearby sites.

  • Quinn’s Post Cemetery Quinn’s Post Cemetery
    Quinn’s Post Cemetery is a World War I Commonwealth cemetery in the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey.

  • Rumeli Fortress Rumeli Fortress
    The Rumeli Fortress was built by Mehmet the Conqueror as part of his campaign to capture Constantinople.

  • Sagalassos Sagalassos
    Sagalassos is an active archaeological site in southwest Turkey which contains mostly Hellenistic and Ancient Roman ruins, some of them very well preserved.

  • Side Ruins and Museum Side Ruins and Museum
    Impressive ruins and a fascinating museum, Side hosts a wealth of Graeco-Roman remains and the impressive amphitheatre is a particular highlight.
    Photo by Tobias Lindman (cc)

  • Simena Simena
    The ruins of Simena are spread along beautiful beaches and submerged under crystal clear waters. Enjoy spectacular views from the crusader castle or explore an authentic Lycian Necropolis.
    Photo by offwhitehouse (cc)

  • St Savior in Chora St Savior in Chora
    St Savior in Chora is an eleventh century church turned mosque and, more recently, a museum known as Kariye Muzesi.

  • Sumela Monastery Sumela Monastery
    A 13th century monastery nestled into the cliff-face of the Zigana Mountains, this picturesque Byzantine monastery is located in a scenic, mountainous setting.
    Photo by samurai_dave (cc)

  • Termessos Termessos
    Nestled on the slopes of the Güllük Mountain the majestic ruins of the ancient city of Termessos are surrounded by outstanding natural beauty.
    Photo by birasuegi (cc)

  • The Basilica Cistern The Basilica Cistern
    The Basilica Cistern is an underground wonder and one of Istanbul’s best Byzantine sites.

  • The Blue Mosque The Blue Mosque
    The Blue Mosque was the ambitious creation of a young sultan and would become one of Istanbul’s most iconic sites.

  • The Canakkale Martyrs Memorial The Canakkale Martyrs Memorial
    The Canakkale Martyrs Memorial commemorates the Turkish soldiers who died in the Gallipoli Campaign.

  • The Florence Nightingale Museum The Florence Nightingale Museum
    The Florence Nightingale Museum in Turkey gives a glimpse into the work and hospital of the Lady of the Lamp.

  • The Helles Memorial The Helles Memorial
    The Helles Memorial commemorates Commonwealth and French casualties from the Gallipoli Campaign.

  • The Hill 60 New Zealand Memorial The Hill 60 New Zealand Memorial
    The Hill 60 New Zealand Memorial in Turkey commemorates the missing New Zealand soldiers who fought in the Battle of Hill 60 in 1915.

  • Topkapı Palace Topkapı Palace
    Topkapı Palace is a fifteenth century former residence of the Ottoman Sultans and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

  • Troy Troy
    Troy is a world-renowned archaeological site, inhabited since the 4th millennium BC and believed to the have been the location of the famous Trojan War.
    Photo by Travelling Runes (cc)

  • Van Castle Van Castle
    Van Castle was built in the Iron Age as part of the Urartu Kingdom and now stands as a stunning ruin in modern Turkey.

  • Yedikule Zindanlari Yedikule Zindanlari
    Yedikule Zindanlari is an impressive Byzantine and medieval fort in Istanbul.
    Photo by By Ramblurr (cc)

  • Zeugma Zeugma
    The remains of this important Roman city are under excavation in Turkey. Though not open to the public, many finds from the site can be seen in the Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum.
    Photo by adam_jones (cc)

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