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Syracuse Archaeological Site
- Syracuse Archaeological Site
- Alt Name:
- Ancient Greece
- 1000BC - 501BC
- Necropolis of Pantalica, Villa Romana del Casale,
about Syracuse Archaeological Site
The Syracuse Archaeological Site (Siracusa) in Sicily contains the impressive remains of the ancient city of Syracuse dating as far back as the eighth century BC. The city of Syracuse was founded by Greek colonists - heralding from Corinth - in 734 BC.
At its height, Syracuse was the most powerful city in Sicily and, according to Cicero, was the “most beautiful” of all Greek cities. By the fifth to fourth century BC, Syracuse controlled Sicily, especially during the reign of Dionysus the Elder (405BC-367BC).
In the third century AD, the Romans laid siege to Syracuse and, after three bitter years, it came under Roman rule in 212 AD as a province. One of the most famous residents of Syracuse, the mathematician Archimedes, died during this attack.
Over the following centuries, Syracuse was invaded, conquered and occupied several times, leading to it being inhabited by several peoples including by the Vandals and Byzantines (5th-6th centuries) as well as the Muslims (9th-10th centuries). It also came under Norman rule for thirty years from 1061.
From 1197 to 1250, Syracuse experienced resurgence under the rule of Frederick II of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty.
Today, visitors to the Syracuse Archaeological Site can enjoy the spectacular remnants of its past, the most famous of which is its Ancient Greek theatre. There is also a Roman amphitheatre (pictured on the map), a sanctuary to Apollo, an altar to Sicilian King Hieron II (265-215BC), a set of ancient quarries and a fort known as the Castle of Euryalus (although the latter is located around 8km north of the main site).
Together with the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Syracuse Archaeological Site is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Just as empires rise and fall so do entry fees and opening hours! While we work as hard as we can to ensure the information provided here about Syracuse Archaeological Site is as accurate as possible, the changing nature of certain elements mean we can't absolutely guarantee that these details won't become a thing of the past. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or now.
Address: Syracuse Archaeological Site, Via Rizzo/Via Paradiso, Siracusa
Phone: 0931 662 06
Syracuse Archaeological Site is open daily, 9am-6pm (to 4:30pm on performance days). Entry costs €10 (€5 reduced).
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